Cholera Symptome, Impfung and Pandemic – Cholera is a serious infectious disease caused by a virus, vibrio cholera which often leads to painless and watery diarrhea in humans. Some affected people have severe diarrhea and dehydration which can lead to death. Most people who contract the disease infect living organisms with food or water sources contaminated with V. cholera . Although the symptoms may be mild, some previously healthy people will develop severe diarrhea within one to five days after injecting the bacteria.
Serious illnesses require immediate medical attention. Rehydration of the patient, as well as antiretroviral drugs for some people, is the key to surviving a life-threatening critical condition. Types less than V. Cholera may cause serious cases including 01 and 0139.
The World Health Organization has maps of present and past areas along cholera out. It is estimated that 1.4 million to 4.3 million people are infected every year. Along an estimated 28,000-142,000 deaths every year.
About 1 in 10 people infected with cholera has common symptoms and signs. Cholera outbreaks in 2015-2016 include South Sudan, the United Republic of Tanzania and Kenya, with more than 216 deaths and recently, 121 people diagnosed with cholera in Iraq, their first outbreak since 2012 in Cuba, the first outbreak. which is over 130 years old.
For example, fowl or chickenpox is a disease that can kill chickens and other species of birds quickly with severe symptoms of diarrhea. However, the most common cause of disease in birds is Pasteurella multocida, a gram-negative virus.
Similarly, swine cholera can cause rapid death in pigs with symptoms of fever, skin lesions and fainting. None of these animal diseases are related to human cholera, but the terms can be confusing.
Signs and symptoms of cholera-related disease are watery diarrhea that usually contains white mucus and gastric mucosa that is about the size of pieces of rice. Although many bacterial infections can reason diarrhea, the sum of diarrhea along cholera can be very high; high levels of diarrhea fluid, such as 250 cc per kg or about 10 to 18 liters over 24 hours in a 154-pound adult. People can continue to develop one or more of the following signs and symptoms:
- Water diarrhea
- Sewage water rice
- The smell of fish waiting
- Fast heartbeat
- Loss of skin firmness
- Dry mucous membrane
- Low blood pressure
- Muscle cramps
- Relaxation or irritability
- Unusual sleepiness or fatigue
Other possible symptoms, especially of more serious illnesses, include the following:
- Abdominal pain
- Physical pain
- Great cleaning
- Low or no urine output
- Weight loss
Infected people to be sprayed immediately to prevent this cholera Symptome from progressing due to these. cholera Symptome indicate that the person is ill dehydrated may continue to develop severe cholera symptome. People with severe cholera may experience dehydration, leading to severe kidney failure, severe electrolyte imbalance, and coma. Left untreated, this dehydration can quickly lead to shock and death. Severe dehydration can occur four to eight hours after the first fluid injection, ending with death in about 18 hours to a few days in infected or untreated people. In the case of an epidemic in developed countries where little or no treatment is available, the mortality rate can reach 50% -60%.
Cholera vaccine is a viral disease that can cause serious, life-threatening diarrhea. May be caused by contact along water or food contaminated with feces infected with Vibrio cholera bacteria. Most common in areas where sewage and drinking water are not treated properly to remove impurities.
May spread rapidly in areas where cleanliness is relatively rare. Among refugees fleeing political or environmental emergencies in cases where limited access to safe drinking water and appropriate private facilities are available.
Cholera vaccine is rare in the US and other developed countries with advanced methods of water purification and sanitation. It is most common during international travel to places where cholera is diagnosed, such as Africa, Southeast Asia, and Haiti.
You can even become infected by eating food contaminated along the result of being infected by a person along cholera. Cholera that occur in the US are caused by eating seafood imported by a traveler from other country. Eating raw or raw shellfish can also be a source of cholera, especially for mussels from the Gulf of Mexico.
Most people with cholera do not have symptoms, but the main symptom is sudden diarrhea, which can start within two hours to five days after a person is infected. If diarrhea is severe, the body can quickly lose important fluids and electrolytes, which can lead to dehydration or panic attacks. Even without symptoms, infected people can still have cholera bacteria in their homes for up to two weeks.
This vaccine works by exposing you to a small source of living viral bacteria, which causes the body to attack the disease. This vaccine will not cure active infections that are already present in the body. As with any vaccine, a cholera vaccine may not protect against infections in everyone.
Last year, there was an outbreak of cholera in Algeria, Angola, Bangladesh, Burundi, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, India, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Niger, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, the United Republic of Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia and Zimbabwe, during a long-running outbreak of the disease in Haiti.
Cholera affects about 2.9 million people every year, and kills 95,000. The disease is present in more than 47 countries around the world. In Africa alone, more than 40 million people live in areas where cholera outbreaks occur. Factors contributing to this outbreak include climate change, forced migration, prolonged conflict, urbanization, population growth, and illegal access to health care. Basically, cholera pandemic is the result of a lack of adequate water and sanitation.
cholera pandemic spreads when people eat contaminated food or water. To put it bluntly, cholera is spreading when people have no choice but to eat food or drink stagnant water. It is a severe diarrhea that can kill within hours if left untreated. Today over 2 billion people worldwide have access to safe drinking water, and 2.4 billion have no access to basic sanitation. While the main causes of cholera have deep roots, there are solutions that can be reached.
There are new infection control tools, such as Oral Cholera Vaccine, as well as inexpensive, effective treatments that have been available for decades, especially oral rehydration solutions. But the health sector alone cannot prevent and control the outbreak of cholera pandemic. The best way to prevent cholera, and other waterborne diseases, is to invest in and care for public water, sanitation and hygiene. Peru, Vietnam Nam and Senegal are examples of countries that have largely eradicated the cholera epidemic, after investing in water and sanitation infrastructure and implementing public health interventions.