What is Cold? Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

What is cold?

The common cold is an infectious disease that attacks the upper respiratory system. It is also known as acute rhinopharyngitis virus and acute coryza. It is a very common infectious disease in humans and is mainly caused by coronaviruses or rhinos.

Because there are more than 200 germs that cause the common cold, the human body will never build up all of them. This is why colds are very common and often come back. According to the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), adults get 2-3 infections a year, and children as many as 12 a year. The common cold is contagious; can be spread by airborne droplets from coughing and sneezing and touching infected areas. It is contagious from 1-2 days before symptoms start until symptoms subside.

What is symptoms of cold?

Symptoms of the common cold are the body’s response to the cold virus. It causes the release of chemicals, which cause blood vessels to leak, causing the mucous membranes to work harder.

The most common symptoms of the flu are: dry throat, sore throat, cough, shortness of breath, sneezing, hoarse voice, stuffy nose, headache.

Cold symptoms include fever: muscle aches, tremors, pink eye, weakness, decreased appetite, extreme fatigue.

Some people have no symptoms when they are infected with a cold virus, probably because their immune system reacts differently to the virus. In some cases, the bacteria can be infected in the ears or sinuses during an infection known as a second bacterial infection and can be treated with antibiotics

What causes cold?

The common cold can be caused by more than 200 different germs. About 50% of rhinos-borne diseases, other cold-blooded viruses include: human parainfluenza virus, Human metapneumovirus, coronaviruses adenovirus, human respiratory, syncytial virus, enteroviruses.

When the virus is able to overcome the body’s immune system, infection occurs. The first line of defense is the mucus, produced by the nose and throat by the mucus glands. This mucus catches anything that smells, such as dust, germs, and germs. The mucous membranes are secreted by the lining of the nose, mouth, throat, and vagina.

When the mucus becomes infected, the virus then enters the cell, the virus controls and uses cell machinery to make other viruses, and these viruses attack the surrounding cells.

How to cold treatment

It is important to note that both antibiotics and antibiotics do not work for most viruses that cause the common cold. The flu usually lasts for 10 days; however, some symptoms may last as long as 3 weeks.

Although there is no prescriptive drug that will stop the flow of emotions, just the following steps can help reduce symptoms:

Drink plenty of fluids and stay hydrated, dehydration if you have a cold can make the symptoms worse.

Get plenty of bed rest; It is important to sleep / rest as much as possible while the immune system is fighting the virus.

Take aspirin, acetaminophen, or ibuprofen to reduce headaches or fever. Do not give aspirin to children under 16 years of age.

Some people find that inhaling the smoke helps to reduce the symptoms of nasal congestion.

Find out more about how to manage and control the flu: How to treat the flu.

How to prevent catching a cold

A person with the flu can start spreading it from a few days before the symptoms start until the symptoms are gone.

The best ways to avert fetching a cold are:

Washing hands with warm water and soap

Not sharing towels or household items with someone who has the flu

Not touching your eyes or nose in case you come in contact with the virus – it can be transmitted in this way to the body

Stay healthy and healthy

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *